1978 Bird Traps 74 Let’s take this umbrella, take a run to go, and jump out that lower door [of the barn]. According to DARE, swarp is a term distinctly Appalachian in distribution. Dictionary of Smoky Mountain and Southern Appalachian English: The phrase means “to be willing or agreeable to... especially as a response to a suggestion or invitation.” This dictionary gives varying examples and time periods of the idiom’s usage from 1862 into today. Referring to the region of Appalachiaor its characteristics. For instance, if somebody was to try to jump over a fence or high bar, he'd back up and take a run ’n go at it. Cassidy, Frederic G., and Joan Houston Hall, eds. (of, from eastern US region) Definitions Related words. Publications from the well-known Foxfire Project in northeasternmost Georgia promised riches, and the editor was able to track down an extensive set of its early quarterly magazine, only portions of which were used for the better-known series of anthologies published by Doubleday Anchor. I’m your host, Jennifer Heinmiller. of or relating to the region of Appalachia, its inhabitants, or their culture. 1910 Weeks Barbourville Word List 456 (with a negative) = to be willing: “If I had a horse and carriage I wouldn’t care to take you to Boring.”  1921 Weeks Speech of KY Mtneer 16 When my friend in the Cumberlands says, “Now if I jest had a horse and carriage, I wouldn’t care to take you to Camp Ground to-day,” I understand him to say that it would be no care or trouble, but only a pleasure for him to take me anywhere I wanted to go. [The bear hunter] took a run-ago an’ run his arm into that hole he cut into it, an’ run it right up about his heart. At the head of each one, DSASME usually provides four elements: a date of publication in bold, the last name(s) of author(s) in regular type, an abbreviated title in italics, and a page number (if pertinent), as seen here: DARE includes up to three other elements for the citation: an identifying location in bold (usually a state, less often a sub-region), a pertinent time frame if it significantly predates publication, and a comma, as seen here: 1962 Dykeman Tall Woman 190 sAppalachians (as of 1877). 2005 Williams Gratitude 519 run ’n go = to back up to get a good start and gain momentum as you run. 1976 Bear Hunting 284 The way [bears] wind around and swarp through them roughs and maybe make three or four trips around one knob, why, you may travel a long way. ], [cf SND swap n 1 “a blow, stroke, whack”; DARE swarp n southern Appalachians]. adjective. c1959 Weals Hillbilly Dict 5 When a mountaineer says, “I don’t keer to work,” what he means is that he doesn’t object to working, that he’s used to working, and that he accepts the fact that a man must work to live. 2004. “I don't want to” rather than “I wouldn't mind at all to.” Just as in DARE, citations instantiate both usage and commentary on usage, in this case the confusion the idiom has generated. Appalachian - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. A welcome and much-needed update to a classic.”—Walt Wolfram, author of Talkin’ Tarheel. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. Encyclopedia of Appalachia. A particular emphasis of DSASME is morphosyntax, meaning that suffixes, phrases, word-order patterns, and other elements of grammar have been fashioned into dictionary entries more so than in any other dictionary of English. 1 To strike, thrash, push with a swinging or sweeping motion. Encyclopedic as well as lexicographic, such an entry references a regional custom, practice, or the like. Yet it embodies the acknowledged, widely imitated, often cherished heartland of traditional rural American culture as expressed in music, storytelling, and much more. the Especially before the last quarter of the twentieth century, this literature dealt overwhelmingly with unusual elements—the archaic as well as the colorful and innovative—making the speech of Southern Appalachia perhaps the most widely recognized rural English in the United States. In part because formation of the park displaced thousands of residents from an 800-square-mile territory, that process resulted in massive, unprecedented documentation of the human and natural life of an area featuring a more diverse ecosystem than any other of its size in the country. It’ll shore look purty to see where you slice down six rows of weeds. The reference book I use most often for vocabulary tests and other dialect posts is the Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English.Michael Montgomery is the author of the dictionary. 1998 Brewer Words of Past Another East Tennesseism is the practice, when asking somebody to do something, of adding “if you don’t care to” when the meaning is exactly opposite of the plain English. 2003 Carter Mt Home 13 He carried a red ‘kerchief in his back pocket for swipin’ sweat off his face, which flowed freely in the hot summers. Privacy Statement, Author We all would come in of an evening, and we’d want to shake the cat. 1915 Dingus Word-list VA 189 run-an’-go = a run before leaping. Page, The Office of Scholarly Publishing Services (OSPS). For example, when DARE posits the range of an item to be “South Midland” (as big ‘pregnant’), DSASME notes this within brackets at the foot of the relevant entry paragraph. the We’re goin’ to have a cat shakin’ before dinner.” The quilt had been quilted and taken out of the frames. It discusses the dictionary’s relationship to the earlier Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountainn English and to the Dictionary of American Regional English. For more information about Michael B. Montgomery, visit Forthcoming. Appalachian. Mrs. Clawson now threw the cat over into the center of the quilt and all began to shake up and down. 2014 contains 1300 references). 2005 Bailey Henderson County 32 Now and then he pushed his wilted felt hat to the back of his head and wiped away beads of perspiration that gleamed on his brow. care verb To be willing or agreeable to, mind (usually in phrase I don’t care to or I would not care, especially as a response to a suggestion or invitation). Highest peak, Mt. Now Watch: Meet the World's Strongest Redneck. Michael B. Montgomery (1950–2019) was Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics at the University of South Carolina. The wilder the cat’s excitement the harder they shook and the louder they laughed and hallooed; and the greater their glee the wilder the cat became. Widdowson, eds., 1990. For example, most are familiar with the pronoun “y’all” but there are also unusual constr… Appalachian translation in English - Spanish Reverso dictionary, see also 'Appalachia',appal',apparatchik',appalling', examples, definition, conjugation It is also worth noting that there are regional differences within the dialect: while many of these terms are used throughout Appalachia, some are location-specific. DSASME adopts a somewhat simpler format for citations than does DARE. “Dictionary of Southern Appalachian English" is an extremely rich resource that elucidates both the language and the traditional culture of this iconic region. Montgomery, Michael B., and Joseph S. Hall. For Linguistic Atlas of the Gulf States data, the ARC map indicates from which counties in Tennessee and Georgia to draw citations. Much had already been written about “the Smokies” by the time Great Smoky Mountains National Park was established in the 1930s (Bridges et al. 4 To behave riotously or with abandon, “run around,” “raise hell,” especially under the influence of alcohol. Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky MountainEnglish. Friendships forged and Hall’s curiosity led to periodic onsite collecting of folkloric material as varied as witchlore and dance parties. By incorporating DSME and adding further material from East Tennessee and Western North Carolina, the most concentrated focus of DSASME remains on that part of Southern Appalachia most thoroughly documented and arguably having the greatest salience nationally and internationally. [cf SND swap v 1 “a blow, stroke, whack”; DARE swarp v 1 “to strike, hit, smite, deliver a sudden blow upon” (all senses) chiefly southern Appalachians], 1940 Stuart Trees of Heaven 168 You can take six rows at a swarp around a newground slope. As the successor work, DSASME retains every significant feature of DSME. The status of the culture and especially the speech of Southern Appalachia is complex and conflicted, even bifurcated. of or relating to the Appalachian Mountains. Search Appalachian and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. [See 2005 in B1. (Geological Science) geology of or relating to an episode of mountain building in the late Palaeozoic era during which the Appalachian Mountains were formed. Dictionary of American Regional English. UNC Press is an affiliate of the University of North Carolina System. Shut the door. Then someone he knew eased up alongside him.” I’m on my way to town, Will,” the fellow said. 1939 Hall Coll (Hartford TN) [The bear] wheeled back on the dogs. In the field of English lexicography, the proportion of oral material may be unrivaled, with the possible exception of the Dictionary of Newfoundland English (Story et al. In its only alphabetic volume published since 2004, DARE V (Sl-Z) borrows more than 150 citations from DSME[6]. Dictionary of Newfoundland English, 2nd ed. The bibliography for DSASME stands at roughly 2,000 items, not counting individual letters, recordings, and other units of larger sources and collections. Accordingly, it qualifies counties in central Alabama, central Tennessee, and central Kentucky, as well as northeastern Mississippi, as “Appalachian” that are many miles from hill country. For a moment its eyes pleaded with the shakers in vain. 1862 (in 1999 Davis CW Letters 83) I dont care if we get to Stay here during the war for I am highly pleased with our Situation. Yet he never slackened his pace and his eyes charted the road ahead as he walked with determined steps. This category contains Appalachian English: terms or senses in English as spoken in Appalachia. Reciprocally, DSASME borrows many citations from DARE when this is deemed useful, as from the vast Gordon Wilson Collection (c1960)[7]. The verb may range in sense from the understatement “not to object” to the more affirmative “to be pleased if one does.”. The English of the mountain region of Appalachia in the south-eastern US: in parts of Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and all of West V Source for information on APPALACHIAN ENGLISH: Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language dictionary. That said, it extensively utilizes the works of many authors native to the region, most notably ones from Eastern Kentucky (including Harriet Simpson Arnow, James A. 1937 Hall Coll (Cosby TN) He didn’t care to lay down anywhere [= he didn’t care where he lay down, would lie down anywhere he felt like it]. 2007 Preece Leavin' Sandlick 40 He wuz so bad to drank and come in jest a swarpin, trying to fight on Lassie Jo. Approx. "—Joan Houston Hall, chief editor emerita, Dictionary of American Regional English. Three ways in which DSASME greatly augments and improves historical coverage can be highlighted: rich coverage of the mid-nineteenth century through nearly 2,000 citations from manuscript letters from the ongoing Corpus of American Civil War Letters project; a reading program encompassing hundreds of published sources, including many read by the editor[3] after being identified in the now-completed Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE); and the editing of entries to produce a systematic chronological spread of citations, with the aim of one every fifteen to twenty years in the twentieth century. 1862 Patton CW Letters (July 6) I would not care if you could send me a strong pare of janes pants and a pare of sox. 116 South Boundary Street | Chapel Hill, NC 27514-3808 An example would be, “Would you carry me to work, if you don’t care to?”  1998 Dante OHP-71 I didn’t care to say what I wanted to to my dad cause I was married and all. Cat shaking represents an entry that, like more than 2,400 others, relies on citations to do the defining. 1946 Matthias Speech Pine Mt 192 = to swing, strike, especially with a swinging or whipping motion: “His mother swarped the belt at him through the open door” ... swarp = to wipe or “swipe”: “I like a little [molasses] on my biscuits now and then. 1983 Page and Wigginton Aunt Arie 139 She goes up and down th’road a lot, swarpin’ along. It lacks natural or political boundaries, unlike the territory on which other regional works of lexicography have been based. Appalachian English. : a native or resident of the Appalachian mountain area. Each entry contains a headword or phrase with variant forms and spellings, one or more definitions, dated citations, and etymology. Some have romanticized the English spoken there as the language of Shakespeare and admired its authenticity and inventiveness. Further diversifying the speech documented in DSASME is the fact that Southern Appalachia is larger than generally perceived. 1. 1981 GSMNP-117:27 He said, “I don’t care if you goin’ if your parents don’t care.”  1986 (in 2000 Puckett Seldom Ask 89) If you don’t care to, Sue, would you fix me a sandwich. Take a run and go and just slide all the way down to the hall and then up again. Page. Its frequent use by writers of fiction requires that sources be carefully evaluated and citations discriminated for validity and originality. The poor cat was perfectly bewildered. Too often scorned and depreciated by mainstream, metropolitan culture and its values, Appalachian English has long needed and deserved the comprehensive treatment that the Dictionary of Southern Appalachian and Smoky Mountainn English will provide, the proper understanding that the dictionary will promote, and a higher status for both this speech and its speakers. Kirwin, and J.D.A. 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