Since 1836, we've been promoting the study, understanding and enjoyment of British and Irish botany. by Dave Walker, UK One of the pleasures of studying the macroscopic and microscopic world, is that even the most common plants can provide a wealth of interesting features when viewed in 'close-up'. in the field) as the leaves curl very rapidly. Dandelion is a low growing species with a long flowering period from March to October. An excellent way to absorb dandelion’s vitamins A, C, B, and K is to create a standard decoction of the root.. a radiator). If possible include both flowering and fruiting heads (especially Sect. Arthur Chater has compiled general advice on collecting and pressing specimens. T. faeroense (Dahlst.) The BSBI is for everyone who cares about the wild plants of Britain and Ireland. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. It may be that the Dandelion you see most often is Taraxacum officinale, the Common Dandelion, however there are more than 230 species of Dandelion in the UK and the differences between them are small and very complex.. The creature gets its name from its resemblance to the 'spent heads' of the dandelion flower, which specifically addresses a Rhodaliidae species called Thermopalia taraxaca, the expert notes. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this genus.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species … Privacy & data protection | Safeguarding policy Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ). Gardeners curse them for the stubborn taproot and the many seeds that are so easily dispersed. Dandelion is common in pastures, lawns, orchards, hay fields, waste ground and roadsides. The Dandelion herb plant grows from a tightly formed rosette and has a deep, twisted tap root that is rather brittle and breaks easily. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Tim Rich has set out a few Taraxacum dos and don'ts to help you get started, but if you're only just beginning to identify wild plants, we'd suggest that you get some of the more user-friendly genera under your belt first, before you start tackling dandelions. T: 07725 862 957 The dandelion could almost be an evergreen plant as it seems to grow year-round — at least whenever the temperature stays above freezing. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. The dandelion species is not easy to contain. Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale) - What many consider to be an obnoxious weed is actually a versatile herb that many gardeners enjoy in their herb gardens! There are several fun and interesting dandelion facts that shed light on different aspects of this plant. Highly Nutritious. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Common Types of Dandelion Plants. Telling them apart is a real specialist’s job, and the chances are your wildflower guide won’t even attempt to help you try. Bright yellow discs of tightly packed florets above a rosette of jaggedly toothed leaves are followed by fluffy white seed heads. You can change your mind by clicking a link we put in the emails. This will mean a change of paper at least once a day, preferably twice, and the press near a source of gentle heat (e.g. Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland, 29 West Farm Court, Broompark, Durham DH7 7RN. It is said that there are over 250 species of dandelion in existence, though the variety known as “common dandelion” (Taraxacum officinale) is the one that is most likely populating your lawn and garden. It's best to examine only well-grown, typical individuals just before and during early flowering (a window of about a month, although this extends with increasing altitude). For anyone who is serious about identifying dandelions, there is no substitute for developing a comprehensive herbarium of well-preserved material named by a recognised authority who is going to want to see specimens that have been carefully selected in the field and pressed for later reference. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. If you are serious about dandelion identification, we recommend that you join BSBI. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. 9. Britain has about 240 different species of dandelion, and since I started questioning my wanton destruction of these plants, I have discovered six of them. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. Indeed, ecological characters are very significant for, given the habitat or locality, one can expect to find members of certain sections. ), and whether bordered. In terms of nutritional content, the dandelion patch in your … E: [email protected] Also known as lion's tooth, priest's crown, swine's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit (pee-the-bed). The flowers are followed by the familiar fluffy seed-heads often referred to as ‘clocks’. Our enquiries email and phone line are open Monday to Friday, 10am - 7pm. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. Just by blowing the puffball, the head flies away spreading a couple hundred seeds up to hundred of miles away depending on the wind strength. the attitude and dimensions of the outer involucral bracts (i.e. Taraxacum officinale, dandelion’s botanical name, has been derived from some Greek words referring to the medicinal characteristics of this species. whether erect, spreading, or recurved). In the Language of Flowers, Dandelion stands for faithfulness and happiness. T. lacistophyllum, T. rubicundum, T. argutum, T. inopinatum, T. faeroense, T. euryphyllum, T. pseudolarssonii, T. luteum, T. unguilobum, T. nordstedtii, T. bracteatum, T. subbracteatum, T. hamatum, T. pseudohamatum, T. exacutum, T. ancistrolobum, etc.). Alan Punton/A to Z Botanical Collection. It is then easily pressed (after gently shaking to remove excess water), but additional changes of drying paper are required. Tim Rich has set out a few Taraxacum dos and don'ts to help you get started, but if you're only just beginning to identify wild plants, we'd suggest that you get some of the more user-friendly genera under your belt first, before you start tackling dandelions. If leaves become curled and flaccid, the whole plant may be immersed in water for up to 24 hours until it is again fully turgid. Dahlst. Together with Hieracium (hawkweeds) and Rubus (blackberries), Taraxacum  is probably the most challenging genus that British and Irish botanists encounter. A thorough study of one’s local ‘patch’ might eventually yield 80-100 species, and casual introductions from elsewhere in Europe are always a possibility. As mentioned above, this introduced European perennial is loaded with medicinal properties. Collect until mid-late flowering period only. They have milky latex, and a basal rosette of leaves, lobed or unlobed. 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