Is It Psychological? The Ebla tablets, discovered in 1975 and dated to about 2300 BC, verify the worship of pagan gods such as Baal, Dagan, and Asherah, known previously only from the Bible. Ancient Origins articles related to worship in the sections of history, archaeology, human origins, unexplained, artifacts, ancient places and myths and legends. Their worship shifted from a focus just on God to include Jesus the Christ. The early church struggled over this doctrine. The history of the Jewish nation, from Moses and the Exodus to King David and the prophets Daniel and Isaiah. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1939. As would be expected, the chazzan of a synagogue tended to develop his own unique style of chanting. Why were the various instruments of music commonly seen before suddenly put aside? It was this open format that afforded Jesus and His disciples many opportunities to preach the gospel of salvation to the Jews. A gradual separation developed between Judaism and Christianity. The people of Israel would gather around their elders to listen to the word of God, to receive instruction, and to worship. The Bible teaches that such worship is contaminated with unclean teachings and practices. In its place, chanting (which had sometimes been in use in the temple) came to be the only acceptable style of music in the synagogue. 471). Ezra 3:10-11 states, "Now when the builders had laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests stood in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise the Lord according to the directions of King David of Israel. The OT books of Exodus and Leviticus provide specific instructions about the manner in which worship and sacrifice was to occur, about what was to be sacrificed, and the reason for the offerings. A significant difference is seen between the dramatic worship exhibited in the temple (both the first and the second) and the restrained and subdued gatherings in the synagogues. ", 2 Chronicles 29:25-30 speaks of the worship to God instigated by Hezekiah: "He then stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, with harps and with lyres, according to the command of David and of Gad the king's seer, and of Nathan the prophet; for the command was from the Lord through His prophets. This seems to be confirmed by the statement in Exodus 12:40, 41 that the children of Israel were in Egypt for 430 years. The rabbis apparently felt that such an attitude of mourning should be carried into the synagogue service as well. A common thread that ran through African spirituality is the fact that Africans for the most part are theists. The Timeline is divided into three major sections: The timeline begins with Adam in Eden, then on to Noah and the Flood and the birth of Israel through Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1963. They came to realize that they themselves were a royal priesthood of believers, and that the sacrifices of the temple were no longer necessary. The chant of Christian worship, apparently like that of synagogue worship, is generally described as alternated (perhaps identical to the antiphonal chanting of the synagogues) and monophonic: that is, comprised of a single melody without any harmonic support or accompaniment. The Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary (Articles on "Synagogue", "Music", and "Worship"). The New Smith's Bible Dictionary (Articles on "Synagogue" and "Worship"). Each of these sections are further divided into more specific time periods for ease of study. After all, the first Christians were Jews, just as Jesus had been a Jew. This must be fixed in one's mind before we go further. Moreover, King Hezekiah and the officials ordered the Levites to sing praises to the Lord with the words of David and Asaph the seer. Jacob went down into Egypt in the year 2238 AC and, for our purposes, we will place the Exodus 215 years later in the year 2453 AC. During the time of Zerubbabel and Ezra there was a clear call to separation from foreigners and anything unclean. Some temple stones weighed more than 100 tons. 2. (Scripture often records the teaching of Jesus therein: Matthew 4:23; 9:35; 12:9; 13:54; Mark 1:21, 39; 3:1; 6:2; Luke 4:15ff, 44; 6:6; 13:10; John 6:59; 18:20.). The Bible condemns moon god worship. ", 1 Chronicles 25:1 says, "Moreover, David and the commanders of the army set apart for the service some of the sons of Asaph and of Heman and of Jeduthun, who were to prophesy with lyres, harps and cymbals…", 2 Chronicles 5:12-14 speaks of "all the Levitical singers, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and kinsmen, clothed in fine linen, with cymbals, harps and lyres, standing east of the altar, and with them one hundred and twenty priests blowing trumpets in unison when the trumpeters and the singers were to make themselves heard with one voice to praise and to glorify the Lord, and when they lifted up their voice accompanied by trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and when they praised the Lord saying, "He indeed is good for His lovingkindness is everlasting," then the house, the house of the Lord, was filled with a cloud, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the house of God. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1966. The Aramean ruler who erected the stone inscription around 80 B.C. Veneration of the moon was at its height during th… The Jewish tradition of animal sacrifices gave way to remembering the one perfect sacrifice of the Jesus Christ the Lamb on the cross (1 Peter 1:18-19). One may always consult Webster's Dictionary for the precise meaning of worship (adore, idolize, esteem worthy, reverence, homage, etc.). Waco, Texas: Word Books, 1985. Likewise, contrary to the custom of Jewish Christians, the assemblies of the Gentile Christians were not patterned strictly after the synagogue format. Bob Williams. What are you primary sources for the timeline? According to their views, such could possibly lead to work on the Sabbath. Belshazzar, a king of Babylon named in the book of Daniel, was considered a Bible legend, but the Nabonidus Cylinder, discovered circa 1881, listed the king as the son of Nabonidus, verifying the biblical record contained in Daniel. Old Testament Laws: The Origins of Sunday Worship in the Early Church Introduction. Therefore, as they went from synagogue to synagogue, they took with them their own traditional melodic patterns. Jewish Liturgics; Early Christian Liturgics. They mention the names Abraham and Ur of Chaldees, his birthplace—as well as other Bible names, such as Esau and Sodom and Gomorrah. Unlike many of their Jewish brethren, they did not keep the Sabbath, but instead they gathered on the first day of the week to worship. onward, the synagogues came to be greatly dominated by the Pharisees who emphasized their legalistic teaching therein. The 430 years is the time from Abraham’s visit to Egypt until the Exodus. They eventually reduced their belief in the Trinity to two short statements. Jesus prophesied that the Jewish temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed such that not one stone would be left standing on top of another. While the people of Israel were clearly commanded to worship God (Deuteronomy 6:13 says, "You shall fear only the Lord your God; and you shall worship Him and swear by His name." It may be that the return from exile was accompanied with the beginning of Rabbinic influence and dominance. This was perhaps a derivative of the Passover tradition and/or Jesus' instituting the Lord's Supper as part of a meal. Ephesians 5:19 says that Christians are to be "speaking to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord." From Israel's fall to exile in Babylon and the major prophets declaring the coming Messiah. Ezra 2:41 records the return of 128 Levitical singers, "the sons of Asaph". These practices almost certainly go back to the Puritans in England. Islam is repackaged polytheism. Perhaps the main reason that the use of instruments in worship ceased in the synagogues was that the Rabbis decided to forbid such. Bible Lessons Worldwide Ministry. (This presumption makes it reckless to be dogmatic as to the exact year of creation. London: Macmillan Press Ltd. (Musical Forms: Plainchant. 22 You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. 1. The music was comprised of numerous and various instruments of music, as well as well-trained vocal choirs (whose singing was perhaps somewhat similar to the melodious four-part harmony common in many churches today). Some of the Jewish Christians felt that Gentile converts needed to follow some of the same Jewish traditions they had followed. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Josephus, the 1st century AD Jewish historian, wrote, “They left Egypt in the month Xanthicus, on the fifteenth day of the lunar month; four hundred and thirty years after our forefather Abraham came into Canaan, but two hundred and fifteen years only after Jacob removed into Egypt” (Antiquities of the Jews II:xv:2). Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1996. Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Whole Bible, 1826. According to Genesis 5:3, Adam was 130 years old when his son Seth was born. The word "singing" is from the Greek word ado (Strong #103), which, according to Thayer's Lexicon, actually means, "to sing, chant; to the praise of any one". They still incorporated Scripture, instruction, prayer, music (the Jewish forms of chanting began to be mixed with and influenced by Greek music forms), and the Lord's Supper in their gatherings, but their manner of conducting the service seemed to be a bit more informal and independent than that of the synagogue style of worship. Music History 102: a Guide to Western Composers and their Music. There is, however, a problem. Just click the “Add to Favorites” Button—it’s that simple. The prophet Micah said the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2). Why was the singing (which, while no one knows for sure exactly how it sounded, was perhaps more expressive in temple worship) suddenly confined to plain and simple chanting? Though not a Scriptural point, it is suggested that even the architecture of our church buildings today may be influenced by that of the Jewish synagogues; consider the use of raised platforms and pulpits at the front, as well as rows of benches or pews facing the front of the auditorium. Just as every synagogue had elders and instructors, so also the early church came to have elders/bishops in every church (Acts 14:23) whose primary responsibility was to lead the congregation and care for its spiritual needs (Hebrews 13:17). See Matthew 24:50. There are numerous references to singing and the playing of instruments in worship to God throughout the Psalms: 33:1-3; 68:4, 25, 32; 81:1-3; 87:7; 92:1-3; 95:1-2; 98:1-8; 104:33; 105:2; 135:1-3; 137:1-6; 144:9; 149:1-6; 150:1-6. According to some scholars, “there is not a shred of evidence outside the Bible to corroborate these claims” (Greenberg 2008, 1). History of the Christian Church (Volume 1; Chapter 9: Worship in the Apostolic Age). They began to recognize the writings of the apostles as being equal with OT Scripture, and thus, as they became available, they gradually incorporated the use of such writings into their worship assemblies. The life and death of Jesus, the apostles, the Reformation, and the final events of earth’s history. Notice also the phrase, "speaking to one another", perhaps further indicating the practice of antiphonal chanting common in synagogue and early Christian worship. 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