There is one legislative house, the Chamber of Representatives of the People, which has 80 seats. Equatorial Guinea Geography . southwest of Bioko Island. Equatorial Guinea / Maps, Geography, Facts. Geographic Location Africa Total Area 10,830 Square Miles 28,051 Square Kilometers Land Area 10,830 Square Miles 28,051 Square Kilometers Land Boundaries 335 Miles 539 Kilometers Border Countries Cameroon 189 … Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate that is hot and humid year-round. from Cameroon. The major urban areas in Equatorial Guinea include Malabo and Luba on Bioko Island and Bata, Mbini, Ebebiyin, Mongomo, and Evinayong on the mainland of Rio Muni. Equatorial Guinea is 1 of 10 African countries with a population of less than one million, based on projected estimates. Inflation remained very low in 2016, down from an average of 4% in 2014. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in west central Africa. Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule; it is one of the smallest countries in Africa consisting of a mainland territory and five inhabited islands. Bioko Island lies about 40 kilometers (25 mi.) There are many things to know about this unique country. Equatorial Guinea's hydrocarbon riches dwarf all other economic activity; the country's oil reserves are located mainly in the Gulf of Guinea. As a middle income country, Equatorial Guinea is now ineligible for most low-income World Bank and the IMF funding. Facts About Culture, Geography, and History of Equatorial Guinea. The capital of Malabo is located on the island of Bioko, approximately 25 km from the Cameroonian coastline in the Gulf of Guinea. GEOGRAPHY. Equatorial Guinea’s real GDP growth has been weak in recent years, averaging -0.5% per year from 2010 to 2014, because of a declining hydrocarbon sector. The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in west central Africa. Annobon Island lies about 595 kilometers (370 mi.) Guinea is located in West Africa where it borders six countries. Equatorial Guinea - Geography. Independence from Spain was granted in 1968, followed by totalitarian rule as a single party state until a coup in 1979. Flag Capital Provinces . Equatorial Guinea is a tiny West African country surround by Cameroon to the North, Gabon to the South, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.. U.S. oil companies are one of Equatorial Guinea’s largest investors, and they have a lead role in oil and gas exploration and extraction. The 2015 projected population for this country is listed at only 845,060, however, 2015 census results claim over 1.2 million individuals live here. These are Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, Ivory Coast to the east, Liberia to the south, Sierra Leone to the southwest, and Guinea-Bissau to the northwest. 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