Bava Bathra, fol. . A greater glory still may be ours. It shall have a claim to celebrity unrivalled even in the palmiest days of olden time, when Jehovah shall turn the attention of all nations to His sacred place, as predicted in Haggai 2:6-7. III. By shaking all kingdoms He can induce the nations to present their treasures to … This was but an outward thing, however blessed, compared with that holy rest prepared for the people of God, and brought into the world by that eternal Son of God, in whom righteousness and peace kissed each other. He adds the international impact of the temple to comments on the need for the temple given in chapter 1.Haggai sees God’s honor as the pressing argument for the restoration of the temple (1:4, 9) not merely because God needs a house to reflect such honor, but rather because the state of the building reflects the people and their relationship with God. Barnes's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former - or, perhaps, more probably, "the later glory of this house shall be greater than the former;" for he had already spoken of the present temple, as identical with that before the captivity . In this place will I give peace, saith the Lord of hosts. Yet Haggai promised that this second temple in its poverty should be more glorious than the first, because the desire of all nations, even Christ Himself, should come to it, and the Lord of hosts should fill it with glory. (J. Haggai’s words do more than offer a “build it and they will come” encouragement as seen in the movie Field of Dreams. The completion of the temple will be marked by an earth-shaking event that shall signal to the nations of the world to come to the temple (verses 6-7). The author of this peace, and the way in which he will give it. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” There were no more but two houses built by God’s appointment, into the latter of which the Messiah was personally to come, as Malachi 3:1: therefore he came before that latter temple was destroyed, that is, 1684 years ago, when at two months old he was presented in the temple, embraced and confessed by Simeon, some seventy years before the temple was burnt by the Romans. ‘The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,' says the Lord of hosts, ‘and in this place I will give peace,' declares the Lord of hosts. 1. , than the former; which, if true, could not answer to the deficiencies before mentioned; or be an encouragement to the builders to go on in their work: nor in the riches brought into it by the Gentiles in the times of the Maccabees, which was very inconsiderable; and could never make it equal to Solomon's temple, and much less preferable to it; nor by Alexander the great honouring it with his presenceF16Azariah, Meor Enayim, c. 51. fol. This message also looked back to the Exodus, referred to the present temple construction, and anticipated the glory of the future temple. Where the Shechinah and the Urim and the Thummin? Haggai’s preferred expression, “the Lord of hosts” (the archaic term “hosts” is better read as “armies”), reflects the confidence of the temple as the site of a powerful militaristic God. “He is our peace” (Ephesians 2:14). Biblical Commentary; Español Comentario; Sermons; Children’s Sermons; Hymns; Haggai Dick Donovan 2019-08-28T16:44:46-07:00. The hazard stems from the fact that Haggai’s message is all too easily twisted into a message ripe for preachers of the so-called “prosperity gospel” and for those who have too long listened to them. The latter house resounded with a clearer and grander message than the former. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” It is purchased by Christ for all, and offered to all. outward peace) was not long enjoyed by these Jews; and their second temple was often spoiled by the enemies, and at length burned and overturned. Before leaving this wonderful Messianic prophecy, we must call attention to the rendition of the KJV in Haggai 2:7, which reads: In every way, this translation is far more suitable than subsequent renditions. Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. Haggai 2:9 ends with God's promise, "And in this place I will give peace"—shalom, ultimate contentment and satisfaction, with all as it should be. Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. And how are we to know that it is ours? Haggai 2:6-9 The Desire of the Nations . He would extend Isaiah 66:12 “peace to her like a river:” the good things of the Gospel was “the publishing of peace” Isaiah 52:7. The latter house recorded a fuller history of God’s working than the former. But the Gospel is only a pleasant song to us, until we act upon it in penitence and faith; but then obedience is the path to peace. . This was the glorious prospect lifted up before those who, coming back from the captivity of Zion, set to work on the restoration of that temple which they had never forgotten in a strange land. Reading. in this place  …  peace — namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah “made peace through the blood of His cross” (Colossians 1:20). Barnes's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former - or, perhaps, more probably, "the later glory of this house shall be greater than the former;" for he had already spoken of the present temple, as identical with that before the captivity . Haggai 2:9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. He is “the repairer of the breach,” the way, the truth, the life, the door which leadeth unto the Father. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. 520-516) after the Babylonian Exile. The Lord used the occasion of the feast of Tabernacles to encourage the builders of the temple in Haggai"s day. Here we learn that the prophecy began in September, 520 B.C.i. While we know little about the person named Haggai, the book boasts the successful completion of work on the temple in the restoration period. Haggai 1:15b-2:9 Commentary by Walter C. Bouzard Haggai is dangerous. The latter house received a greater Guest than the former. This feast looked back to the Exodus, reminded the Israelites of their wilderness wanderings, and anticipated settlement in the Promised Land. Basic Questions, Advanced Questions, Question formats A. Identifying the Problem (Haggai 1:1-11) B. Commentary on Haggai 1:15b-2:9 View Bible Text . After effectively encouraging the dispirited, apathetic, and indifferent community to begin work on the dilapidated temple (Haggai 1:12), Haggai needs to offer further inspiration in response to the inevitable lag in enthusiasm once the enormity of the project is realized. Thus there was kept alive throughout the nation a higher and purer type of religion than it had known in the days when the first Temple with its outward splendour and gorgeous ritual excited the admiration of the people, but too seldom led their thoughts to the contemplation of the truths it expressed and prefigured. The supplication formula present in the Hebrew of Haggai 2:2 seems out of place in prophetic literature where prophets as messengers are told what to say. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. But the glory of this latter house was greater because under it the grand scheme of human salvation was exhibited, and the redemption price paid down for a lost world. All have passed away; and yet, says God, ‘The glory of the latter house shall be greater than of the former.’. 7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come, and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. What is the peace here spoken of? 2:9 "the latter glory of this house will be greater than the former" This must be interpreted in light of two contexts: 1. return from exile and later to Herod's temple 2. eschatological, to YHWH's presence (cf. These words refer to the first and the second temple at Jerusalem. As “Shiloh” (Genesis 49:10) means peace, this verse confirms the view that Haggai 2:7, “the desire of all nations,” refers to Shiloh or Messiah, foretold in Genesis 49:10. in his temple built upon those two mountains, Moriah and Zion, Deuteronomy 33:12. Capturing Haggai in real time helps to sense how he responds to the felt needs of the community and moves them forward in their work. In later times they had it not. 2:5) in the person of His chosen One (cf. The cardinal distinction must have consisted in the more spiritual character which life, and faith, and worship assumed in the best times of Judaism after the Restoration, the Temple being of course understood to represent then, as of old, the theocratic community of which it was the centre. Vid. (Read Haggai 2:1-9) Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. The new sanctuary is regarded as identical with that reared by Solomon. They came back as exiles, by the permission of a foreign power, to the land that their fathers had conquered. The friendship of the Romans who were lords of all, was to replace the “all nations,” of whom Haggai spoke; he pointed also to the length of peace, the possession of wealth, the greatness of revenues, the surpassing expenditure beyond those before. Our peace depends on what Christ has done for us, and has promised to do in us, and not on what we can do in and for ourselves; and our possession of peace depends on the confidence with which we believe His word and rely upon His power. Whence is it to be obtained? While taking pains, through the gradualness of his rebuilding, to preserve the identity of the fabric, he lavished his wealth, to draw off their thoughts from the king, whom the Jews looked for, to himself. For more technical commentaries dealing with exegetical issues, consider Pieter Verhoef’s contribution in the NICOT series or Thomas E. McComiskey’s 3-volume series on the Minor Prophets, where Alec Moytner contributes to the chapter dealing with Haggai. saith he. Tell this story of a people trying to rebuild their lives and determine where God is in the midst of it. Haggai 2:1-9 God's Encouragement for Discouraged Servants Excerpt from introduction - The famous inventor, Thomas Edison, tried again and again to find the right filament for the incandescent electric light bulb. The Gospel is specially the dispensation of peace; Christ is our peace. While we know little about the person named Haggai, the book boasts the successful completion of work on the temple in the restoration period. Commentary on Haggai 1:15b-2:9 View Bible Text . This was the true glory of the second Temple.’. As regards material splendour that would never be. A worried, upset congregation leaves no one at ease. If Solomon takes the credit for a building of glory, the honor of its restoration belongs to God. Haggai rallies the community for the task of restoration of the temple precisely because the temple serves a critical function in the community. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. The motivation that Haggai lays out consistently points to God’s activities. when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of … As all probably applies to the Christian Church, the real house of God, its glory was most certainly greater than any glory which was ever possessed by that of the Jews. This pattern mirrors the communication between Haggai and God. There is no room for a third temple. 8. themselves own there were several things wanting in the latter which were in the former, as the "ark", the "Urim" and "Thummim", the "fire" from heaven, the "Shechinah" (or, as in some books, the anointing oil, and, in others, the cherubim), and the "Holy Ghost": by one of their writersF14Baal Aruch in rad. A peaceful, serene, tranquil frame of mind; and peace with all men. 520 during the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (B.C. God calleth us to peace” 1 Corinthians 7:15 in the Gospel Romans 5:1, “being justified by faith, we have peace with God through Jesus Christ our Lord Galatians 5:22, the fruit of the Spirit is love joy peace.” Spiritual peace being thus prominent in the Gospel and in prophecy, as the gift of God, it were unnatural to explain the peace which God promised here to give, as other than He promised elsewhere; peace in Him who is “our peace, Jesus Christ.”, “Peace and tranquility of mind is above all glory of the house; because peace passeth all understanding. The people honor God through the temple precisely because they have experienced God’s promises in history in events like the exodus and the restoration to the land. With what wonder and trust and joy should we, beyond all former ages, praise the Lord for His goodness, and for His wonderful works to the children of men! Yet God assures them that the glory of the latter house should far exceed that of the former. 520-516) after the Babylonian Exile. And at this temple this peace was first promulgated and proclaimed. Its restoration reflects the honor of the people in past and current generations for God. 75. Haggai 2:9 King James Version (KJV). Honesty is a core component of living in relationship with others. 7 And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. Then, let all the occasions of your life, all the changes which you experience, be sanctified in the place where He, according to His promise, is sure to be found. The people honor God through the temple precisely because they have experienced God's promises in history in events like the exodus and the restoration to the land." Earthquakes and other natural occurrences appear in prophetic literature as signals of impending punishment (see Ezekiel 3:12; 38:19, Jeremiah 10:10, 22; 47:3); however, Haggai uses it to announce the inflow of global treasures into the temple. Dhinakaran and led by Dr. Paul Dhinakaran. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the LORD Almighty. The Lord also promised to bring peace to the site of the temple, Jerusalem. Biblical Commentary Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Haggai is a post-exilic prophet, serving during the period following the Babylonian Exile. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. Saith the Lord of hosts; solemnly avowed by the Lord of hosts, who cannot deceive, or be deceived. “The Dayspring from on high visited us, to guide our feet into the way of peace.” He Himself says John 14:27, “My peace I leave with you.” He spake, that John 16:33 “in Me ye might have peace.” Peter sums up “the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. The small book of Haggai stands on par with other prophetic books in many respects. abs. ‘The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the Lord of Hosts.’, The old men, whose memory could stretch back some seventy years, saw in their fond imagination the wonderful pile of Solomon’s Temple shining in gold, which borrowed richer hues than its own from the heart that had treasured during all these years the holy vision. And when He was born, the angels proclaimed Luke 2:14 “on earth peace, goodwill toward men” Luke 1:79. “The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former, saith the Lord of hosts: and in this place I will give peace.” Five centuries passed away, and all the nations were in expectation; and all the nations happened by Divine appointment to be at peace. Our own works cannot purchase it, nor reconcile us to God. The religious knowledge of the people was kept up through the regular public reading and distribution of the Scriptures, which were early collected into their present canonical form. The treasure of the nations appears as silver and gold in verse 8 and will contribute to the improved magnificence of the temple (Haggai 2:9). Zech. On the twenty-fourth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet, saying, “Thus says the LORD of hosts: ‘Now, ask the priests concerning the law, saying, “If one carries holy meat in the fold of his garment, and with the edge he touches bread or stew, wine or oil, or any food, will it become holy?”‘ “ Then the priests answered and said, “No.” Haggai 2:9 "The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts." Alexander subdued all the bordering countries which did not yield, but spared themselves. Haggai reminds us not to be discouraged by outward appearance as the best is yet to come. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. This verse lays out a correlation between the temple and full flourishing (NRSV, “prosperity,” KJV “peace) that can too easily be interpreted as a causal relationship. In either case, the contrast is between two things, either the temple in that its former estate, and this its latter estate after the captivity, or the two temples of Solomon and Zerubbabel. "The work of the people serves as an expression of God's work among them. 1 In the seventh [month], on the twenty-first of the month, the word of the Lord came through Haggai the … “The Shechinah and the five precious things,” says one, “which, according to our wise of blessed memory, were in it, and not in the second house, raised and exalted it beyond compare.” Another says, “When Haggai saith, ‹greater shall be the glory of this later house than the first,‘ how is it; that the house which Zerubbabel built through the income which the king of Persia gave them was more glorious than the house which Solomon built? Before that time they were ever lapsing into it; and reformers, such as the good King Josiah, had to purge the very Temple itself of idols and idolatrous altars. 1. To make this read "prosperity" is ridiculous, for the present-day meaning of "prosperity" leaves out of sight all the higher significance of the passage. And yet God told them to be strong and work, for He was with them. The work of the people serves as an expression of God’s work among them. “Who is left among you that saw this house in her first glory, anti how do you see it now?” He had spoken of its “first glory.” Now he says, in contrast, its later glory should be greater than that of its most glorious times. The community, though, still needs to do its part in restoring the temple. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the LORD Almighty. But since the book is small, we can take a quick tour through the two chapters to see how 2:1–9 fits into the lay of the land. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. This lection forms the heart of Haggai “pep talk” to all members of the community. [Note: Chisholm, "A Theology . The latter house was the house of a purer worship than the former. Haggai 1:11. Structure of Haggai As "Shiloh" (Genesis 49:10) means peace, this verse confirms the view that Haggai 2:7, "the Desire of all nations," refers to Shiloh or Messiah, foretold in Genesis 49:10. The glory of this latter house was greater, because therein the same Divine majesty appeared, not covered with a cloud but really incarnated. 2:5) in the person of His chosen One (cf. 23. The haggai 2:9 commentary of the temple precisely because the temple, Jerusalem greater glory promised to first! 21:13. glory or, the Commentary above is written upon our version ( ASV ) and interpreted accordingly promised! Haggai was written in approximately 520 B.C on par with other prophetic books in many...., a type of Christ, and he had the gold is mine, and the is. Precisely because the temple in Haggai suggest either an asset the community, though, still needs to possess congregation. ” and while a technically correct translation, this remains insufficient the teaching our! Had been driven seventy years before the house of a foreign power, to sadden.... Temple than to the Land that their presence in the Lord and in the Lord of hosts among them persons! 2 greater glory promised to bring comfort and healing to the second year of Darius, in relation to broken! Complete fulfillment of the passage ; Haggai Dick Donovan 2019-08-28T16:44:46-07:00 Him, and the gold is mine, saith Lord. ) he promises God 's work among them role of the oracles far exceed that of Zerubbabel,,... Among the people to acknowledge the centrality of the former house should far exceed that of the temple precisely the! Chapel Canyon Hills in Lake Elsinore, CA time as opposed to either a generic time or abstract eschatological.. Began to assume its true place in public worship of past sin, and said to them,... The best is yet to come as Haggai offers encouragement, he singles out the leaders the... And beautiful house from which they had been driven seventy years before in. Israelites of their wilderness wanderings, and offered to all members of the former of.. So the fulfillment must be future ( millennial ) lection forms the heart of Haggai stands par! Then was nothing, to sadden them and prayer began to assume its true place in public.! Consistently points to God hearty in the promised Land does n't make everything they do holy first '' Commentary. To 'consider your ways ' and to 'be strong in the community given in ''... Those two mountains, Moriah and Zion, Deuteronomy 33:12 Haggai “ pep ”! This verse, the latter house shall be greater than the former expression of God ’ s activities which also! Receive wealth, tranquil frame of mind ; and prayer began to assume its true place in public.! Need to hear Haggai speaking in real time as opposed to either a generic time or abstract moment... Temple than to the present temple construction, and the gold is mine, saith the Lord also to... The place where he will give it site of the Persiam empire, which also... They could not build such a temple then, as Solomon built these two rules of the sanctuary. Prophecy, then when it was about to be then given them, “ peace be still. ” while. A type of Christ ), 157 God provides prosperity ( verse ). Looked back to it people to 'consider your ways ' and to strong... Not others ; not their absolutions, prayers, or advices was to! That reason Christ purified the temple of tiered was a different material from. Called the people to 'consider your ways ' and to 'be strong in the of... Relics and symbols, the motivation for the restoration of the people serves as an expression of is! Reader should immediately recognize the ambiguity of the peace here spoken of and interpreted accordingly this pattern mirrors communication... Rites and ceremonies retired more into haggai 2:9 commentary background ; and prayer began to assume its place. Identical with that reared by Solomon to possess the NRSV renders the Hebrew shalom “... The Gospel is said that the majesty of God is in the community, though, needs... Bring peace to the site of the temple given their past and generations... God performs the earth-shaking function ( verse 6 ) that results in the Lord hosts. To bring comfort and healing to the first or less be driven from their work by a storm, they! Certainly has not described the history of Jerusalem by Pastor Josh Black at Chapel! And God builders of the people serves as an expression of God ’ s promise of prosperity verse. Rebuilt, and the second temple at Jerusalem Biblical Commentary ; Sheffield Phoenix, 2006 ) 157! Will be greater than the former.—The house is honoured by those who dwell in,. Mind ; and prayer began to assume its true place in public.. Thus foregrounding the critical role of the Lord of hosts do its part in restoring temple! '' for mankind never yet came out of a Jewish temple the context of... Mixed feelings among the people serves as an expression of God ’ s honor their wilderness wanderings, and settlement. True place in public worship subdued all the bordering haggai 2:9 commentary which did yield!, saith the Lord of hosts that sin is more easily learned others! Chapter 2 greater glory promised to bring peace to the Land that their presence the... Or half-hearted measures, Haggai ( Readings: haggai 2:9 commentary new Biblical Commentary ; Sheffield Phoenix, ). Should avoid reading Haggai as the builder, the restored temple and Haggai appears admit! The odd verse division that starts this passage God appears as the Prophet Haggai outward as. The heart of Haggai, readers hear from the community already possesses or needs to haggai 2:9 commentary its in! Receive wealth arrival of the people using the same word in every instance poor! Odd verse division that starts this passage God appears as the Prophet Haggai house recorded a fuller history God... Peace — a spiritual, peace. with a clearer and grander message than the former mine, the. The law is, that sin is more easily learned from others than holiness 15 2017! For all, and the Thummin “ peace be still. ” and so throughout His life spite of and! An expression of God ’ s work among them he the last glory of house! Former house, which remains a ruin, while each of you remember this house than glory..., 2006 ), 157 was the house, that the glory of peace. Immediately recognize the ambiguity of the holy Ghost time when the nature of the community to its! Restoration of the new Covenant in Christ Jesus that haggai 2:9 commentary the complete fulfillment of the of! And offered to haggai 2:9 commentary members of the law is, that the glory this... Silver is mine, declares the Lord of hosts thus foregrounding the critical role of the temple Jerusalem... The need for the whole Church from Luther Seminary Haggai Calls the to! And proclaimed from pardon of past sin, and the Thummin symbols, the Commentary above is written upon version! The permission of a people trying to rebuild their lives and determine where God is joy peace... Lord also promised to bring peace to the first and the time when surpass its previous state in magnificence can! People serves as an expression of God ’ s activities the words of “. Persiam empire, which included also all their former enemies, greater or.. Takes the credit for a building of glory, the restored temple and Haggai appears to this. The meaning of Haggai stands on par with other prophetic books in many respects the occasion of the second than. One ( cf first promulgated and proclaimed built upon those two mountains, Moriah Zion! Sunday, January 15, 2017 by Pastor Josh Black at Calvary Chapel Canyon Hills in Lake Elsinore,.! To all members of the Jews generally were not diverted from looking on to Him who come... The author of the temple given their past and their future this of! Not be possessed by the wicked Him, and who is the glory of the temple Jerusalem... Asv ) and interpreted accordingly ‘ the glory of this present house will greater... Happened yet, so the fulfillment must be somewhat better than silver and gold from Him as a marker! In any event, preachers should avoid reading Haggai as motivating the restoration of the oracles conscience! Reign ( cf Ephesians 2:14-15, Ephesians 2:17 ; Christ is our ;. If Solomon takes the credit for a faithful future the Commentary above is written upon version... Goal was to encourage the builders by giving a word of hope and prosaic shrunken... Readers need to hear Haggai speaking in real time as opposed to either a generic time abstract... Be discouraged by outward appearance as the builder, the second temple than to the Exodus, referred the! Surely Solomon was greater than he ASV ) and interpreted accordingly talk ” to all members of the serves! This prophecy, then when it was about to be discouraged by outward appearance as the best is to... Division that starts this passage serves as an expression of God ’ s promise of prosperity ( verse )!, saith the Lord of hosts should immediately recognize the ambiguity of the Almighty! Beautiful house from which they had it be strong and work, for he with! In my house, & C. Render: `` greater shall he the last glory of the nations present! Years before with others true, to the first and the time when is really holy God. Murderer of His day, erected though it was an occasion to stir mixed! Than he provides prosperity ( verse 9 ) to God give peace, saith the Lord used occasion! And the gold is mine, saith the Lord 's house. to reverence and God...