Binomial Name: Caltha palustrisFamily: RanunculaceaeThis herb is perennial in nature, and is mostly present in temperate grassland regions of Europe and Britain. Binomial Name:Viola lacteaFamily: Violaceae. Binomial Name: Triticum aestivumSubfamily: PooideaeA very common plant growing in grasslands and used extensively for grazing by animals, wheat grass grows up to a meter tall. These cookies do not store any personal information. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Grassland plants, particularly grasses themselves, grow from the base of the plant rather than the tips. Along certain areas of North America and Eurasia you will find grassland biomes. The average height of this plant is 3 meters. Different deserts have their own characteristics that distinguish them from others. Binomial Name: Balsamorhiza sagittataFamily: AsteraceaeThis plant is related to the sunflower, and it can grow in various grassland types, like semi-arid, desert, mountainous meadows, etc. The grasses, upon which many animals in the grassland biome Sunflowers are also one of the type of flowers that, can be found in temperate grasslands. Binomial Name: RhododendronFamily: EricaceaeA very common flowering shrub found in grasslands, azalea thrives properly in soil types that have a low pH level. milkweed. The rate of evapotranspiration is quite less in these plants as compared to that of the deciduous temperate trees and shrubs. While various antelopes feed on short grass, giraffes resort to leaves available on tall trees. It can reach heights of up to about half a meter, and can cause allergies in some people. Its average height is one meter, and it commonly grows in the North American continent. Binomial Name: Rumex acetosaFamily: PolygonaceaeThis species of sorrel is found extensively in grassland regions, especially in northern Europe and Russia, Mediterranean regions, and Asia. Seasonal fires and droughts prevent woody shrubs from growing, but a few trees can still thrive here with the help of nutrients of decaying leaves on the upper layers of the soil. Binomial Name: Knautia arvensisFamily: DipsacaceaeThis plant was used in the treatment of scabies in the ancient times, and it grows well in soil types that may have less water content. Binomial Name: Myrica galeFamily: MyricaceaeThis shrub grows in the Asiatic, European, and American subcontinental regions, and is also found in a few areas in the form of trees. A grassland is a unique ecosystem with surprising diversity; Small insects called arthropods live within the soil of many biomes, including grasslands. Binomial Name: Aristida purpureaFamily: PoaceaeThis grass is characterized by the presence of narrow, elongated, and sharp spikes or leaves. Trees and large shrubs are rarely found in grassland areas. Binomial Name: Conyza canadensisFamily: AsteraceaeThis grassland plant is classified as an agricultural weed, and in the USA, its growth in the plains is difficult to control. The presence of grasslands on our planet is extremely crucial for the survival of thousands of plants and animals. Major temperate grasslands include the prairies and plains of North America, the pampas in South America, the steppes in the former Soviet Union and the veldts of South Africa. There are many species of grasses that live in this biome, including, purple needlegrass, wild oats, foxtail, ryegrass, and buffalo grass. The species that live in these grasslands are well adapted to the hydrologic regimes and soil conditions. In winter, excessive snowfall is quite detrimental for the survival of plants, and hence, there is a great need for certain adaptive measures. Binomial Name: Gentianella germanicaFamily: GentianaceaeDominantly present in northern Europe especially in the United Kingdom, this plant is quite rare with regards to its occurrence in other parts of our planet. It is nutrient-rich from the growth and decay of deep, many-branched grass roots. Grasslands (steppes) are temperate environments, with warm to hot summers and cool to very cold winters; temperatures are often extreme in these midcontinental areas. Binomial Name: Andropogon gerardii Family: PoaceaeThis plant is found mainly in the Prairie regions of the USA, and its height is around 3 meters. It grows well in soil types that have high moisture levels. The plants have adapted to excessive heat during summers, and hence, the leaves show less number of stomatal openings. Binomial Name: Miscanthus sinensisFamily: PoaceaeAlso called South American elephant grass, this variety is also found in Asiatic regions like China and Japan. A biome is a community of trees, plants, animals and insects living in a certain environment. It is found extensively in the European subcontinent. Summer temperatures can be over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures is as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit. ~ The plants have adapted to the frequent drought conditions of a grassland, by penetrating their roots deep into the ground in search of water. With annual rainfall ranging between 20-50 inches and extremely hot and dry conditions, they play a major role in the diversity of the biome found here. Central North America - plains and prairies. These enable the plant to find moisture during droughts and to survive fires. The average height of this floral species is about 80 cm. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Binomial Name: Trifolium pratense Family: FabaceaeThis herb thrives in Europe, Asia, and in the African subcontinent, and it is mainly used as a fodder plant in these regions. It is also seen on the Western coast of USA. It can reach up to half a meter in height and requires ample sunlight for proper growth. The average height of this floral species is about one meter. Some fire-resistant and drought-resistant trees are also present. Binomial Name: Aronia arbutifoliaFamily: RosaceaeThis plant is found in the grassland areas that experience heavy rainfall and the occurrence of high humidity. It grows up to a meter in height, and was used in ancient times for treatment of injuries. Almost all the flora absorb the moisture received from precipitation, and reserve it for their growth. ~ Among the carnivores, African lions, cheetahs, hyenas, African wild dogs, and jackals dominate the lot. Numerous types of weeds, grain grasses, sedges, rushes, and reeds grow in these wild plains. It grows till a height of 1 meter, and is found in grasslands that have high humidity. It can live for at least a thousand years or more. Forest fires are of immense importance to the plants of this biome, as they help in proper germination of the seeds and further propagation. Get in touch with us and we'll talk ~Compared to the savanna, the diversity of animal species is less in temperate grasslands. They have hot summers and cold winters. ~ However, trees such as willows, oaks, and cottonwoods, are observed growing sparsely in certain areas. Binomial Name: Orchis masculaFamily: OrchidaceaeThis orchid species grows up to half a meter in length, and is dominantly seen to inhabit the European grassland regions. ~ The droughts, fires, and grazing by animals, prevent the growth of tall trees in such areas. ~ In other areas, the superficial layers of soil are moist, and the underlying layers are rather dry. Grasslands are found on every continent except Antarctica, and in total cover between 30 and 40% of Earths land area. ~ The African Savannah includes animals such as African buffaloes, African elephants, giraffes, wildebeests, warthogs, rhinos, zebras, and various species of antelopes such as impalas, elands, oryx, kudu, and gerenuk. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! This herb is commonly found in the US and central parts of Canada. The typical name is attributed to its major distribution in the Pampas Grasslands of South America. Binomial Name:Cortaderia selloanaFamily: Poaceae. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Binomial Name: Echinacea purpureaFamily: AsteraceaeThis flowering shrub is commonly present in the grasslands of North America, and grows till an average height of one meter. It is characterized by the presence of a hard and strong stem, and roots that extend deep in the soil. Although it is one of the most inhospitable habitats in the world, there are surprisingly quite a few interesting plants. Binomial Name: Rumex acetosellaFamily: PolygonaceaeAlso called red sorrel, this perennial plant thrives well in soils having a high pH level, especially in grasslands. Binomial Name: Cornus amomumFamily: CornaceaeIt is dominantly seen in the US, and grows up to a height of about 4 meters. Binomial Name: Anthoxanthum odoratumFamily: Poaceae. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. Tropical rainforests are found in the zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn, spanning almost all the continents. It is characterized by the presence of underground rhizome. ~ The leaves of a majority of plants in this biome are slender and narrow in nature. The most dominant variety of vegetation found in grasslands, the grass species differ from each other in terms of appearance, size, color, family, etc. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. asters. Binomial Name: Silybum marianumFamily: AsteraceaeThis variety of thistle is found commonly in the European subcontinent and less extensively in other parts of the world. It mainly grows up to a height of 2-3 feet, and thrives well in less-rainfall-characterized grasslands. The leaves are faint purple in color, and tiny hair-like projections are present on the leaves. It is mainly seen in the European grassland regions. ~ Other animals include kangaroos, gophers, squirrels, ostriches, mousebirds, starlings, and weavers. Plants usually start growing when the daily temperature reached about 50 F. In temperate grasslands the average rainfall per year ranges from 10-30 inches. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Binomial Name: Urtica dioicaFamily: UrticaceaeAlso called common nettle, this plant is equipped with an amazing defense mechanism consisting of stinging hair. It is mainly present in the Asiatic regions, and is sometimes called a nuisance, causing weed crop. The average height of this plant is 70 cm, and it is mildly poisonous in nature. Binomial Name: Salix albaFamily: SalicaceaeA characteristic tree found in temperate grasslands, the willow grows about 80 feet tall. The animals found in grasslands range from African elephants (Loxodonta africana) to various species of prairie dogs (Cynomys spp. Some spores are dispersed through pollination only with the help of wind currents. The grassland biome includes terrestrial habitats that are dominated by grasses and have relatively few large trees or shrubs. The symbiotic relationship between wildlife and the grasslands is what makes this place so special. To the temperate grasslands, was growing around native grasses, the invasive grass could harm or kill the native grass and the the animals This enables them to survive the fires that commonly occur in the dry, hot climate of grasslands. As well as those that consume other animals that live in this biome. Binomial Name: Pseudotsuga menziesiiFamily: PinaceaeA common tree present in the mountainous grassland regions of North America and British Columbia, it can grow up to an average height of 80 meters. The typical name exists as flowers of some species appear like the face of a monkey. It grows till a height of more than 2 meters, and thrives well in areas that receive ample sunlight. This shrub inhabits the semiarid, mountainous, and shrubland areas of West USA, Mexico, and even in central mountainous regions of North America. ~Other adaptations include certain animals nocturnal nature, that keeps them far from their predators reach. We hope you are enjoying ScienceStruck! Binomial Name: Artemisia tridentataFamily: AsteraceaeIt grows till about 2-3 meters in height. The roots of this floral species fix nitrogen. It is found in Europe, Asia, and in North America. Binomial Name: Calamagrostis canadensis Family: PoaceaeIt grows up to an average height of 1 meter, and is found all over the United States and Canada. Temperate grasslands have cold winters, hot summers, moderate rainfall and dark, fertile soils. The plants of a temperate deciduous forest adapt to the biome in a variety of ways, depending on the type of plant. The rate of evapotranspiration is quite less in these plants as compared to that of the deciduous temperate trees and shrubs. Temperate grasslands have a high density of wildflower. Binomial Name: PhalaenopsisFamily: OrchidaceaeThis orchid appears like a moth with its open wings, and hence, the typical name. The typical shape of its flower gives it the particular name. It grows extensively on the Chiltern Hills in England. It grows in the form of bunches, and the stems have an average height of 50 cm. Binomial Name: Trifolium repensFamily: FabaceaeThis fodder plant is one of the most commonly found shrubs occurring in the grasslands of the American subcontinent and in New Zealand. This plant is largely confined to humid heathland and grass heath in England. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The most dominant variety of vegetation found in grasslands, the grass species differ from each other in terms of appearance, size, color, family, etc. However, in the summer the continental air mass is dominant. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. ~ The soil of Pampas and the North American Prairies have extremely fertile soils with a moderate amount of rainfall. It grows up to a height of half a meter and is seen mainly in European regions and Britain. There is an additional population in the Oakland Hills. The Temperate Grasslands Conservation Initiative (TGCI) aims to protect grassland areas all over the world, and helps reduce the damage caused, as much as possible. Sunflower. The bark of deciduous trees is thicker and heartier than tropical trees to protect the inner core during long, hard winters. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. Binomial Name: Carex strictaFamily: PoaceaeThis sedge species is named for its unusual formation of leaf coverings around a dead plant of the same variety. Binomial Name: Festuca glaucaFamily: PoaceaeCharacterized by the appearance of a pale-blue- to bluish-gray-colored foliage, this grass is found in arid shrublands and drought-prone grasslands. The main regions where it thrives are located near the Eastern Coast and central areas, especially in well-drained soils. On an average, it can grow up to 15 cm tall. Also, the burnt vegetation releases useful nutrients back into the soil, which enrich and nourish it, and are absorbed by the young trees. New Zealand - downs. Binomial Name: Veronica chamaedrysFamily: PlantaginaceaeThis weed plant grows in the northern regions of Europe and Asia and dominates on other plants present in the grasslands. The continental areas that are dominated by the presence of various grasses, along with bushes and trees present intermittently are called grassland biome regions. The trees grow large leaves to absorb the most possible light during the growing season. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Its average height is about half a meter. clovers. It grows across the United States and Mexico. Due to this, the roots are not affected much during floods, storms, forest fires, grazing activity, etc., and even if they break off, the new ones emerge from the basal portions.Leaves: The plant leaves are quite thin to reduce loss of water during transpiration.Flowers: The flowers show attractive and rich colors, which increase the chances of pollination by insects. Grasslands form a major part of our ecosystem. Large shrubs and trees rarely grow in these biomes. The growing season covers the traditional spring/summer months and temperatures in this biome vary greatly between summer and winter months. This is one endangered species int the Grassland biome. Woody plants predominate in steppes. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. It grows up to an average height of 1.2 2 meters. Binomial Name: Lobelia siphiliticaFamily: CampanulaceaeThis plant is a characteristic of grasslands that have a high moisture content and humidity. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Each type contains a wealth of flowers and other flora. As the name suggests, these grasslands are situated in the tropical regions of South America, Australia, and India. Binomial Name: Bambusa guangxiensisFamily: PoaceaeThis is a very short variety of the bamboo tree, and it is extensively found in the Chinese subcontinental region. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The major animal species found in temperate grassland biomes are large grass-eating, hoofed mammals that leverage the wide range of grasses and those that have special digestive systems to break down the grasses. Copyright Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. The Grassland Biome The grassland biome is the characteristic community of animals and plants found in the worlds grasslands. Binomial Name: Arundo donaxFamily: PoaceaeAlso known as giant cane, it is mainly found growing in the Asiatic and African grasslands. The seeds of this plant have small spikes that are useful for propagation. It is also characterized by herbs and perennial grasses. It can reach a height of about 20 cm. Dominated by lichens, mosses, sedges, and dwarfed shrubs Characterized by extremely cold climate, permanently frozen ground (permafrost) low biotic diversity, simple vegetation structure, limitation of drainage, short season of growth and reproduction. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. It releases chemicals that are absorbed in the skin, when any animal or human comes in contact with it. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Binomial Name: Juniperus osteospermaFamily: CupressaceaeThese tall trees grow till an average height of 30 meters, and are commonly seen in grasslands ranging from the European subcontinent to the Americas, and even in Africa. Structural adaptation Animals on the grasslands are exposed to their predators because of the openness of the landscape. ~ Savanna grasslands are also divided into ecoregions (ecological regions) such as temperate savannas, Mediterranean savannas, flooded savannas, montane savannas, and tropical and subtropical savannas. The Diverse Plants and Animals of the Tropical Rainforest Biome, Tundra Biome: Interesting Info About its Plants and Animals, Desert Biome: A Definitive Guide to its Animals and Plants. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The average height of this tree is about 40 meters. Most types of grasses, trees, and even shrubs have adapted to the loose and easily erodible soil, by amazing root adaptations. Binomial Name: Andropogon virginicusFamily: PoaceaeAlso called whiskey grass, as it was utilized for the packing of whiskey bottles, this sedge is mainly found in the USA. It is basically a weed plant. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Temperate grassland biomes are characterized by having various grasses as the primary plant types. Temperate grasslands consist of either prairies with tall grasses or steppes with short grasses. Binomial Name: Iris germanicaFamily: IradaceaeThis plant is commonly known as Iris, and is found in different types of grasslands, right from mountainous and temperate, to semi-arid and meadows. It grows up to an average height of 50 cm. This is putting immense pressure on the already-fragile nature of grassland ecosystems and ultimately, on the survival of the associated flora and fauna. These coverings are called tussocks, and the plant grows up to 1.5 2 feet. Fires and seasonal droughts do take place, but not on a large-scale basis. In some parts of the world, especially in the tropical regions, the grassland regions receive extremely heavy rainfall. Would you like to write for us? Binomial Name: Liatris spicataFamily: AsteraceaeThis flowering plant is dominantly seen in the southern parts of the North American continent, especially in Mexico and the Bahamas Islands. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Most types of grasses, trees, and even shrubs have adapted to the loose and easily erodible soil, by amazing root adaptations. wild indigos 00:00 00:00 00:00 GO LIVE Facebook Twitter Email Embed Speed Normal Autoplay Brought to you by Sciencing Brought to you by Sciencing. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The most striking features are its continuity and openness, seemingly like an endless sea of grass. The rotted roots hold the soil together and provide a food source for living plants. The height of this grass variety is about more than 5 meters. This member of the sunflower family (Asteraceae) is currently known from a serpentine bunchgrass community and Binomial Name: Eupatorium perfoliatumFamily: AsteraceaeThis plant is spread very extensively across the entire eastern and middle eastern part of the United States and Canada. Biomes vary in size from a small pond to a huge area of a forest, which could stretch across a continent. Binomial Name: Chionanthus virginicusFamily: OleaceaeIt is dominantly present in the Eastern parts of United States, and is also known as white fringe tree. Rhizomes may also be present in a few varieties. This plant is commonly found in the subcontinents of North and South America. It is mainly seen in the Indian subcontinental grasslands, Australian semi-grassland areas, and in China. It is generally categorized under the category of agricultural weeds. This animal is classified as an endangered species because they may be shared by snakes, burrowing owls, and even rare black-footed ferrets, which hunt prairie dogs in their own dwellings. Such plants are called perennial, as they bloom for mostly the entire year. Grasslands span across the world, covering roughly a quarter of the total surface area of the planet. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Binomial Name: Acorus calamusFamily: AchoraceaeThis monocot plant is characterized by a sweet smell, and it is dominantly seen growing in the Asiatic grassland regions. Binomial Name: Robinia pseudoacaciaFamily: FabaceaeDominantly seen in central and mid-eastern parts of USA, the black locust tree is characteristically present in temperate grassland areas. Precipitation varies from highly seasonal to spread throughout It requires ample sunlight and well-drained soil for efficient growth. ~ While springbok and blesbok are the animals found in Highveld, elephants, zebras, wildebeests, hippopotamuses, and rhinos, inhabit the Lowveld region. The roots penetrate deep, thus holding the soil particles together, as well as providing stability to the plants, and aiding them in their growth. Binomial Name: Diospyros kakiFamily: EbenaceaeA very common tree found in grasslands all around the world, persimmon is characterized by the presence of orange- or reddish-orange colored fruits, which look similar to tomatoes. Some locations of temperate grasslands include: Argentina - pampas. Binomial Name: Filipendula ulmariaFamily: RosaceaeThis plant thrives in Europe and Asiatic regions (especially in the Eastern areas), and grows till a height of about 6 feet. The plants in grasslands offer a wide variety of resources for the birds, animals and insects that rely on them for shelter, food and nesting habitats. ~ Tropical grasslands have porous and poorly fertile soils which cause insufficient growth of trees (if any). Binomial Name: Lilium philadelphicumFamily: LiliaceaeThe average height of this lily plant is about 45 cm, and it is commonly found in the US and Canada. Temperate Grassland Plants. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. There are three main types of grasslandstemperate grasslands, tropical grasslands (also known as savannas), and steppe grasslands. Binomial Name: Lolium perenneSubfamily: PoodeaeAnother common variety of grasses, this species grows in the wild pastures, as well as can be cultivated. ~ Grass is clearly the most dominant type of vegetation found in temperate grasslands. Typical animals include large grazing ungulates such as horses, buffalo, and rhinoceros. This grass variety grows up to a meter tall, and can also be identified by its typical sweet smell. ~Grasslands are known for their display of bright and colorful wildflowers which bloom solely to attract insects for the purpose of pollination. It can grow up to a meter tall, and also thrives in semi-arid grassland to desert-grassland regions. ~ The prominent species living in the Pampas grasslands include the pampas fox, armadillo, the White-eared Opossum, and the pampas deer. D. GRASSLANDS (STEPPE): treeless vegetation less than 1 m high.Typical plants include grasses and members of the sunflower family. Every year, hundreds of acres of these areas are being captured by humans for agricultural, construction-related activity, logging activities, mining, etc. Grassland biomes consist of large open areas of grass. It is generally found in swampy grasslands and marshes. It can grow up to a meter tall, and its flowers are white-colored with a tinge of purple. Bigger animals use speed to their advantage. Most of the adaptive features are seen intemperate grasslands. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Binomial Name: Asclepias syriacaFamily: AsclepiadaceaeAlso called common milkweed, this plant is dominantly seen in the eastern region of the US. Winds play an important role in these very open environments. The average height of this tree is about 70 meters. ~ The prominent species living in the Pampas grasslands include the pampas fox, armadillo, the White-eared Opossum, and the pampas deer. o Location of your particular biome with geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude). Binomial Name: Achillea millefoliumFamily: AsteraceaeThis plant is commonly found in the temperate grasslands of USA, Europe, and Asia. Binomial Name: Koeleria macranthaSubfamily: PooideaeThis plant grows naturally, as well as can be cultivated. Binomial Name: StipaSubfamily: PooideaeIt appears like feathers fixed on thin stems, and is mainly found worldwide in grasslands of the USA, Europe, African Savannahs, etc. Also, the burnt vegetation releases useful nutrients back into the soil, which enrich and nourish it, and are absorbed by the young trees. Prairies also have groves of trees that grow alongside streams and creeks. Most of the adaptive features are seen in. However, historians believe that this plant originated from places in Asia, and was carried by the Native Americans back to their homeland. Binomial Name: Lychnis flos-cuculiFamily: CaryophyllaceaeThis herb is mostly seen in the European grassland regions, and it is characterized by the presence of flowers that are not properly arranged with respect to their petals; hence, the typical name. The living things in a biome are closely attached together and depend on the land, water and air for their survival. However, the increasing area being cleared for the purpose of agriculture, has now become a major threat to the animals natural habitat. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Nonetheless, as many as 300 different plant species may grow on less than 3 acres of North American tallgrass prarie, which also may support more than 3 million individual insects per acre. The habitat of this plant includes swampy and boggy grasslands. Binomial Name: Pinus flexilisFamily: PinaceaeThis tall and long-living pine species is seen in the high-altitude regions of Canada and USA, and can grow as tall as 20 meters. ~Over the years, a lot of trees have been introduced in this grassland ecosystem. The roots penetrate deep, thus holding the soil particles together, as well as providing stability to the plants, and aiding them in their growth. The grasses have adapted by acquiring an upright, narrow, and straight form, which helps to reduce the absorption of heat. The fruits of this floral species look like tiny insects. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. They are often located between temperate forests and deserts, and annual precipitation falls between the amounts characteristic of those zones. Grasslands span across the world, covering roughly a quarter of the total surface area of the planet. Grassland plants and animals Grasslands support a variety of species. But they are all places where there is too little rain for trees to grow in great numbers. Binomial Name: Coreopsis giganteaFamily: AsteraceaeThis plant grows up to an average height of 80 cm, and is mostly found in North as well as South American subcontinents. Binomial Name: Anacamptis pyramidalisFamily: AsparagalesThis plant grows to a height of half a meter and blooms in the form of a pyramid. Binomial Name: Dracopis amplexicaulisFamily: AsteraceaeThe typical cone-shaped structure of the inflorescence of this plant is the reason for its typical name. Five species exist, and and all have declined as a result of human settlement on their range. During summers, the temperature can be well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit. These plants have to survive in the cold as well as dry weather conditions.